Dogs have an insulating layer that keeps them warm in winter and cool in summer. But, when the climate is sweltering, your dog also wants to cool itself. In such circumstances, your dog looks for some shade to rest and cool down. Dogs, much like humans, tend to drink a lot of water when they are feeling hot.
Dogs also pant a lot. So if you find your dog sticking tongue out in the summers, it is probably nothing to worry about, but if you find it doing it often, it may be time for a visit to the vet.
How does a dog maintain homeostasis?
Homeostasis is a process by which an organism maintains stability while adjusting to survive in its environment.
Dogs pant when they feel hot because, unlike humans, they do not have sweat glands that cool down the body and maintain homeostasis. Panting helps a dog in two ways. First of all, it lets a lot of air into its lungs, and secondly, heavy breathing leads to moisture evaporation from the moist lining of the lungs.
Can the owner shave the dog during the summer?
The answer is an absolute no. All double-coated and furry canines should be kept away from shaving no matter how hot the conditions are. It includes various species, such as Aussie Shepherds. Samoyeds, Burmese Mountain Dogs, and more.
Most dogs with a double layer of fur are from colder regions like the Tundra or Taiga. In these canines, the undercoat helps to keep the animal dry and warm in winter, and the upper coat protects it against water or snow. Therefore, the layers ensure a dog’s wellbeing in the freezing Arctic winter.
While the inner layers are shed in the hot months to help the animal cope with the rising temperature, the outer layers insulate the canine from sunburn.
In a single-coated canine, the layer keeps growing. Therefore, the owners can shave them often. On the other hand, double-coats grow only to a certain length, and shaving it can damage the layer.
Do dogs suffer from heatstroke?
Panting and limited sweating is not adequate to cool dogs down. Dogs like Pugs and Bulldogs that feature a snubbed nose cannot breathe easily or pant. Hence, they cannot cool themselves compared to other dogs. So, yes, they stand a chance to have a heat stroke.
Besides, obese dogs and those that suffered heatstroke before are also at high risk for a heat stroke. Dog owners should maintain the animal’s body temperature and not let it increase. Some common symptoms are dehydration, frantic panting, bright red gums, irregular heart rate, seizures, vomiting, unconsciousness, and more.
How can the owner cool down a dog?
The sweat glands in a dog’s paw, also called merocrine glands, release sweat and help reduce the animal’s body temperature when it stands in a cool pool or water body. The dog then slowly gets back to its enthusiastic form. Splashing or pouring cold water on the canine’s chest is also an excellent way of cooling it down. These two measures help the animal fight the scorching summer heat and stay fit.
If the dog shows signs of heat stress, the owner should immediately call a doctor and bathe it in cool water or wrap a soaked towel around its body. Whether your dog is sticking its tongue outor vomiting, be on the lookout and take the necessary steps accordingly.